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Same Day Transaction

A transaction that matures on the day the transaction takes place (Value Today).

Selling Rate

Rate at which foreign currency is sold at.

Settlement

Actual physical exchange of one currency for another to complete a transaction and honour a contract.

Settlement Date

The date by which an FX contract between two parties must be settled by the transference of funds between buyer and seller.

Settlement Risk

Risk associated with the non-settlement of the transaction by the counter party.

Short

A market position where the client has sold a currency not already owned.

Short Covering

Buying to unwind a shortage of a particular currency.

Singy

Market slang for Singapore Dollar.

Soft Market

More potential sellers than buyers, which creates an environment where rapid price falls are likely.

Spot

The most common foreign exchange transaction. A transaction that occurs immediately with the transfer of funds to settle the contract usually taking place within two business days after the deal has been agreed. It is used when clients need to buy and sell currency and transfer it within the shortest period possible.

Spot Next

The overnight swap from the spot date to the next business day.

Spot Rate

The price at which the currency is currently trading in the spot market.

Spread

The difference between the bid and ask price of a currency.

Squawk Box

A speaker connected to an Interbank broker room that transmits live exchange rate prices so traders know where the bids and offers lie.

Stable Market

An active market that can absorb large volumes of currency without major moves.

Stagflation

Recession or low growth in conjunction with high inflation rates.

Sterilisation

Central Bank activity in the domestic money market to reduce the impact on money supply of its intervention activities in the FX market.

Sterling

A term for the Great British Pound.

Stocky

Market slang for Swedish Krona.

Stop Loss Order

An order to buy or sell a specified amount of currency at a pre-determined exchange rate that is either above or below the rate that prevailed when the order was given. A stop loss order is a 24-hour automated order that is intended to protect the purchase or sale of a currency from adverse movements in the exchange rate. It is a popular market tool as it allows companies or individuals to firstly protect their profits and bottom line positions and secondly, enhance the value of their currency if the exchange rate rallies in their favour. Of course, as with limit orders, this can all be achieved without the need to constantly monitor exchange rates.

Support Level

A price level at which you would expect buying to take place and is recognised by technical analysts as a price which a currency will struggle to move below, which could result in a rebound of the exchange rate.

Swap

The simultaneous purchase and sale of the same amount of a given currency for two different dates, against the sale and purchase of another.

Swap Price

A price as a differential between two dates of the swap.

SWIFT

Acronym for the Society for World-wide Interbank Telecommunications. A Belgian based company that provides the global electronic network for settlement of most foreign exchange transactions.

Swissy

Market slang for Swiss Franc.

Talking Up

Statements made normally by the central bank or government ministers designed to bolster market sentiment with respect to a currency.

Technical Analysis

Is the analysis of market action through charts, past prices and volume trends to forecast future market activity such as price and trend developments. Technical analysis provides details of Support and Resistance levels and can identify changes in currency movements.

Technical Correction

An adjustment to price not based on market sentiment but technical factors predicted by technical analysis charting.

Terms of Trade

The ratio between export and import price indices.

Thin Market

A market in which trading volume is low and in which consequently bid and ask quotes are wide and the liquidity of the instrument traded is low.

Tomorrow Next (Tom Next)

Simultaneous buying or selling of a currency for delivery the following day and selling for the next day or vice versa.

Top

A term used to describe a situation where a currency has traded to the top of its range and, as a consequence of market resistance, has failed to break into a new range.

Tradable (Market) Account

Smallest transaction amount accepted by a financial institution.

Trade (Transaction) Date

The date on which a trade occurs.

Trade Deficit/Surplus

The difference between the value of imports and exports. Often only reported in visible trade terms.

Transaction (Deal or Trade)

The buying or selling of currencies resulting from the acceptance of a price from a dealer.

Translation Exposure

The calculation of loss or profit resulting from the valuation of foreign assets and liabilities for balance sheet purposes, when consolidating into the base currency.

Turnover

The total money value of currency contracts traded is calculated by multiplying size by the number of contracts traded.

Two-way Price

When both the bid and offer rates are quoted for a foreign exchange transaction.

Unwind

Selling of assets and or instruments to square a position.

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